Today, we are talking about our nutritional choices, which option do we choose from foods of the same nutritional benefit. And that brings us to our source of energy and whole grain. So which would you prefer Basmati Rice or Brown Rice?
Before making your fast choice, here are some facts to consider.
According to Wikipedia, Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima (African rice). As a cereal grain, Rice is the most widely consumed staple food for a large part of the world’s human population. It is the agricultural commodity with the third-highest worldwide production, after sugarcane and maize.
There are about 40,000 types of rice in the world. White rice is brown rice that the bran has been taken off and bleached. This is a process in the production of rice called milling and polishing which results in the loss of most of the nutrients found in rice. This is to say that rice can either be white or brown, it all depends on the extent to which it was milled.
The hull which is the outermost layer of the rice has to be removed first to give the brown rice (rice with the whole kernel still surrounded by layers of bran). Removing this layers of bran is what results in unpolished white rice, a process called milling. Another process called polishing where wire brush machine is used is then carried out to remove the aleurone layer.
Basmati rice originates from India and like other species of rice, is available in white or brown versions i.e. we could have white Basmati rice or brown Basmati rice. Like it was earlier stated, it all depends on the extent to which the rice was milled that brings about the color difference.
In summary, Basmati rice is a species of rice while Brown rice is rice with the whole kernel surrounded by the bran. The major differences between the Basmati rice and the brown rice includes;
- Brown rice, in general, contains good amounts of fiber, protein, minerals and vitamins but brown Basmati rice contains about 20% more fiber than other types of brown rice.
- Basmati rice has a unique smell present in it due to the presence of a chemical called 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline.
- Brown Basmati rice are generally longer and thinner than regular brown rice which is shorter and squatter.
- Brown Basmati rice cooks more quickly than the normal brown rice which tends to cook in more time.