Tofu (Bean curd) popularly called Beske in Yoruba and Wara in Hausa is a healthy and tasty snack made from soya beans. It is high in protein and contains all the essential amino acids your body needs. It also contains fats, carbs and a wide variety of vitamins and minerals. Like a host of other plant foods, tofu contains anti-nutrients like Trypsin inhibitors, Phytates and Lectins. However, soaking or cooking the soybeans used for the tofu can inactivate or eliminate some of these antinutrients.
Moreover, the nutritional content of your tofu can also vary, depending on the coagulant used to make it. Usually, Alum is used, but for this recipe, we will be using lemon juice. On its own, tofu can be tasteless or bland. However, you could add some seasonings to give the final outcome a delicious taste. Then, of course, when you cook with it, it would come out really delicious.
Soya beans, lemon juice, water, pepper (optional), salt (optional), garlic (optional) and seasoning (optional)
- Soak the Soya Beans overnight.
- Wash the beans to remove the skin/husk.
- Grind or blend the beans to a fine paste. If it is too thick, dilute with water.
- Boil this fine paste for 10 minutes and allow cooling for another 10 minutes. This step helps the soya digest easily and then gives it a fuller flavour. However, some skip this step and just go to the next step.
- When it’s cool, pour it out through a muslin sieve to filter out the smooth milk.
- Transfer to a pot and allow boiling for 45 minutes to 1 hour.
- Reduce the heat and then add the lemon juice. Do not stir it. Cover it and turn off the heat. Leave it to sit for 1 hour. The tofu should start to form by now.
- Pour the tofu out into the muslin sieve again and strain out the water to retain the solid.
- Add your seasonings at this point and mix thoroughly if you want to add a little taste to it but you can leave out the seasonings if you prefer it with the bland taste.
- While still in a sieve, press down with a tray and place something heavy on it to drain out the excess water in the tofu. After that, allow it to set.
- Leave it for about 4-5 hours and then cut into desired shapes and sizes.
After this step, your tofu should be ready!